Thursday, February 6, 2020
School bullying - Essay Example The types of school bullying can be multiple and usually they are classified into the three which are verbal, physical and emotional offences. As far as kids are pretty inventive, the particular actions they do in order to offend someone can be various from spreading dirty rumors to straight hitting. Although, it is important to take note of the fact that not only school students are those bullies but even teachers and parents can become stakeholders of the conflict. In fact, this tendency is rather strange because adults are expected to be rational and moral but it turns out that grown up people can often use kids in order to boost their self-esteem. Indeed the cruel treatment of peers has always been a problem of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s communities and, perhaps, the reason for this is that in such way kids learn how to survive later in adult society. The main issue here is that bullying might become rather contradictory thing and might play a role of social identifier of stronger and weaker personalities or even work like a kind of natural selection. On the other hand the kids being treated cruelly can gain many mental traumas and complexes which afterwards will influence their social functioning or even can destroy it. It is important to note that as far as the subject of the issue is actually the bullying that happens at schools, a reasonable conclusion is that bullying doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t let children study normally. It turns out that the main educational function of school is being interrupted because kids are simply scared of going to schools. The reason why the bullying should be prevented is because even though it can be a part of natural selection, still we donÃ¢â¬â¢t live in wild environment and the traumatized kids are going to stay in our society and form it. Thus, if their amount is growing every day, it is hard to imagine what our society will look like in a decade. Recent
Posted by g at 1:47 AM
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Safeguarding Essay Physical abuse is when someone hurts another person with deliberate harm by hitting throwing burning or slapping signs of physical abuse can be bruising, cuts, broken bones or other injuries. Sexual abuse is when someone is persuaded or forced to be involved in sexual activities or are encouraged to act in inappropriate ways. Signs of sexual abuse can be self harm, change in appearance, behaviour changes e. g. becoming withdrawn committing crimes. Emotional and psychological abuse can be any act that affects mental wellbeing or that itÃ¢â¬â¢s leading someone to believe something will happen, this can include bullying, being ignored, humiliated or manipulated in to doing something. Signs for this type of abuse can be low confidence, unable to trust, difficulty forming relationships. Financial abuse is when someone mistreats or uses fraud to control another with their finances forcibly. This can be by stealing, preventing them from working or by taking control of all financial decisions. Signs of financial abuse are unpaid bills, no money for food, clothing or medicine or money missing from the bank. Institutional abuse is failure of an organization to provide appropriate and professional service to vulnerable people e. g. policies and procedures, poor care standards, things that may take away choice, dignity and rights. Signs of abuse maybe inflexible and non negotiable routines, lack of consideration of dietary requirements. Self neglect is when people fail to attend their basic needs such as personal hygiene, feeding or failing to tend to medical conditions they have signs may include, Malnourishment, Dehydration, Confusion, Inappropriate, clothing or Under or over medication. Neglect by others is the failure to provide adequate care, nutrition, medical care or any other needs they are unable to do for themselves. Signs of this type of abuse may include over sedation, bed sores deprivation of meals causing malnutrition and untreated medical conditions. Everyone has a professional and moral duty to report any witnessed or suspected abuse to their line manager, which should be then referred to social services so that every case can be assessed right away. You can also report suspected or actual abuse using the whistle blowing policy. If someone tells you they are being abused sit and listen to them and let them know itÃ¢â¬â¢s your responsibility to report it straight away to stop it from happening. When talking to them repeat back to them what they have told you to make sure itÃ¢â¬â¢s correct to make sure you have the full facts of their complaint. To ensure evidence of abuse is kept safe all evidence should be kept in a lockable cupboard/place, and only those that would know that it was there would only be people that needed to know about it. There are national policies that set of requirements for safe guarding individuals they are * Care quality commissions (CQC) they are the regulator for all health and social care services in England. A regulator is an organisation that checks services meet the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s standards or rules about care. * Mental capacity act, its primary purpose is to provide a legal framework for acting and making decisions on behalf of adults who lack the capacity to make particular decisions for themselves. The local and organizational systems for safe guarding are * Care quality commissions. * Social services. * Multi disciplinary team can include doctors and nurses. * Families. * Next of kin. Different agencies and professionals that are involved in safe guarding individuals are * the council Ã¢â¬â to protect the people that use their service to make sure they are safe * social workers Ã¢â¬â to investigate actual or suspected abuse and neglect * CRB checks Ã¢â¬â to check that individual pasts donÃ¢â¬â¢t pose a threat and that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any criminal convictions that could be a risk * Police Ã¢â¬â for anything criminal like assault, fraud or theft. * Medical professionals e. g. octors nurses Ã¢â¬â they can diagnose and treat and record this can include photographic evidence * CQC Ã¢â¬â to regulate and check care providers are meeting standards * Support workers/ any care giver Ã¢â¬â they work closely with individuals to notice changes of behaviour or other things like bruising. A social care workers role is to ensure that vulnerable people get the care they require to standards met by national and local organizations they have a duty protect individuals from harm and are responsible for ensuring that services and support are delivered in ways that are high quality and safe. All health and social care providers (e. g. health authorities and social services departments) and all associations that regulate health and social care professions should have a complaints procedure. It is good practice to provide service users with information on how to complain; this information should be readily accessible on health and social care premises.
Posted by g at 3:12 PM
Monday, January 20, 2020
A Bad Influence Throughout high school, the most essential trait to have above intellect and organization is good behavior. Without it, a student cannot be focused during a lecture, which can lead to disappointing grades and ultimately, a dreadful high school experience. The Lottery, by Beth Goobie encourages bad and rebellious behavior acted out by the protagonist Sally Hudson. At the start of the book, Sally gets picked by the school government as annual lottery winner. As lottery winner, Sally has to expect to be the butt of all jokes and for everyone to hate her. However, Sally gets told all the secrets and classified information the school has to offer. Sally does not enjoy becoming the outcast of the school so she tries to rebel. She eventually succeeds and the school government is forced to choose another person as lottery winner. This book is a bad influence on teens because it shows them that rebellion leads to triumph and that being devious and lying will grant them success in the future. In modern society, teenagers are being taught to be bold and honest, not sly or sneaky. We grew up hearing Ã¢â¬Å"since you told me the truth, itÃ¢â¬â¢s Okay,Ã¢â¬ by our parents. This way of thinking is correct, for what type of place would earth be if everyone was trying to swindle one another? However, in The Lottery the protagonist used sly and devious methods to get what she wanted. In the following quote, Sally gets exposed telling her best friend that she poisoned the president of the school council to avoid a meeting. Ã¢â¬Å"It was me, yes I poisoned DustyÃ¢â¬ ¦ it way the only way to avoid the council meetingsÃ¢â¬ (Goobie 202). By using a dishonest way of getting what she wanted, Sally demonstrates how she is a negative role model for the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s tee... ...nse to that is that it is tolerable to voice up in certain situations but not all the time or when it is unnecessary. In addition, some people may state that being sly is a good thing because it makes a person more cunning. My reply is it is fine if you think being sly will make you more intelligent as long as being sly doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t cross the line of unmoral. If it does, then the clever person will use his intelligence in a bad way as in SallyÃ¢â¬â¢s case. The Lottery is an incredibly bad influence on AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s youth because it portrays the protagonist as a sneaky rebellious individual who succeeds in life. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s teens as with any generation of youth is extremely lost and in dire need of direction. Books such as The Lottery should not be targeted towards teens for they are in a very fragile state of life. For if you hurt todayÃ¢â¬â¢s teens, you are hurting tomorrowÃ¢â¬â¢s adults.
Posted by g at 11:35 AM
Sunday, January 12, 2020
The early morning dew on the grass sparkled in the sunlight as it rose from behind the Gabilian mountains. The town of weed was silent, desolate and all you could hear was the flow of the river which was gushing in between the fresh green willows of the Salinas River. The mist was so fine all you could see was the top of the Gabilian Mountains. On the other side of the Salinas River slight dew glistened on the grass, of which there were branches overhanging the green murky pool. On the sandy bank there lay beneath the trees of which had leaves that were brittle from the sunlight. They would make a scurrying noise when the leaves are walked over. Rabbits leap and bound out from their warrens, full of energy from their sleep, going to sit on the golden sand. As the morning became brighter and more alive the wildlife came to arose from the dark to start a fresh new day. There was a vivid path of some sort that went through plants and trees, a path that had been disturbed by boys, men, heavily walking on it coming down from a hard grafts work in the ranches, heading towards the deep pool for a refreshing dip. From another direction there were two shadows of a of a relatively little sized person and a comparatively big in size person. From the shadow of the comparatively big in size person it was very tall and very strongly built and the shadow of the relatively little sized person look less strong and built. The leader of the two men looked as if he was the brain and boss of the large man. He looked like a father figure. Due to the town f weed being deserted the voices of these two men got louder as the came closer to the town of weed. The larger men of the two look as if he was tired and fed up because he was dragging his feet across the path. It looked as if it was an effort carry the weight of the larger man. Sweat was pouring off of him and as they got closer you could here him sighing and saying Ã¢â¬Å"Are we here yet.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"For Christ sake I have already told you Lennie that we have got a mile to go yet. Stop moaning, walked quicker and we will get there in no time at all!Ã¢â¬ George said very crossly. Ã¢â¬Å"Why George is it taking so long. Where are we going George? I am thirsty and hot George.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Lennie! How many times will I have to say this we are going to Murray and ReadyÃ¢â¬â¢s to get our work cards so they can give us some work? I canÃ¢â¬â¢t believe you forgot already! I only told you like 15 minutes ago!Ã¢â¬ George looked at Lennie as if he was a little child who couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t remember anything. George looked at him with disgust. Ã¢â¬Å"George, George, I am sorry, I really am sorry George.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Lennie just shut up and donÃ¢â¬â¢t forget it again. I am not going to say it again.Ã¢â¬ For a little while there was silence. All you could hear was the rustling of the sand and dust from the path. Then George said Ã¢â¬Å"come on its not long now, we will be here soon.Ã¢â¬ As George and Lennie walked the final part to get to the ranch George told Lennie about his plans for them both to work on the ranch for a little while and collect some money and then get a place of their own with rabbit and chickens and other stuff. But George also told Lennie that he had to be on his best behaviour as they wanted work otherwise he wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t get to tent the rabbits. Ã¢â¬Å"Right Lennie we are here now. Now you wait out side here and donÃ¢â¬â¢t move while I get the work cards.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Ok George I wont move till you come back.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah and be good for gods sake we donÃ¢â¬â¢t want the boss to find out what a crazy bastard you are sometimes do we.Ã¢â¬ Said George. Whilst George was getting the work cards Lennie was sitting down waiting for him. Lennie started to get bored, so his eyes started to wonder the soundings around him. In the corner of his eye he saw something with looked soft, red dress. It was a young girl with her father. She had rosy cheeks and a friendly smile, and luscious red dress. Lennie thought about what George had said for a second, then looked over at the young girl as she walked and sat next to him. Lennie then decided despite what George had told him, to talk to her and say hello. Lennie took at her and saw red dress and could not bear touching it. The dress looked so velvety and so soft. As he touched the dress he startled her, and so she screamed, but he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t let go because it was so silky but the harder he clenched his fists the more he pulled it and the angrier Lennie got, as she tried to get away. As the girl was screaming so loud the father heard and came out but before he had chance to see Lennie, Lennie ran off. George instantly knew that Lennie had done something wrong, so he went in search of Lennie. Ã¢â¬Å"You crazy basted what you go and do that for. It was all going well until you done that!Ã¢â¬ said George. Ã¢â¬Å"George, George I am sorry, I really am. I tried not to touch. I did George.Ã¢â¬ Lennie said frightfully as he realised George was very irate with him. George looked at Lennie with anxiety as they ran from the town off Weed. They headed for the forest to make sure anyone that was searching for them wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t find them. Ã¢â¬Å"Bloody hell Lennie I knew that you couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t go without getting into trouble. Five minutes I left you for, five bloody minutes. What the hell am I going to do with you?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"George I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t help it, you know I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t it just lookedÃ¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"JUST STOP THERE LENNIE!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Its all ways sorry George, I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean too. Well now you can sort it out I donÃ¢â¬â¢t care!Ã¢â¬ Lennie looked at George with disappointment, but knew that he had done wrong. All Lennie could reply with was Ã¢â¬Å"I am sorry George, I forgot.Ã¢â¬ From that point, on there was little sound all the way to the ranch. They walked for miles and miles on end on a long, boring and dusty road. There was not one mutter of a word.
Posted by g at 7:58 AM
Saturday, January 4, 2020
All nurses have similar rigorous educational backgrounds, but that does not mean that they all have the same method of provide nursing care. Rather each personÃ¢â¬â¢s individual perspective and philosophy of nursing is unique to his or hers own values, culture, religion and ethnicity. Throughout this paper I will discuss what I believe nursing is and my philosophy of providing care. Nursing is a world full of complexity whose future lies within human compassion, and this paper will discuss the importance of that. My personal philosophy of nursing is viewed in an abstract perspective, where I believe nursing is a balance between science and art. With nurses as painters, I will discuss how we interact with our canvas, the environment. Afterwards, I will take you to discover the importance of keeping our artistic supply, health, in equilibrium to provide care to others. But, every artist needs inspiration, so I will discuss how people stand as our growing ground. Once the basics of th e painter, the canvas, the artistic supplies, and inspiration have been brought to the spotlight I will discuss how education contributes to patient advocacy. The last aspect of my personal philosophy of nursing will look at how nurses administer accountable, skillful, and responsible care and how we contribute to research. A Nurses Canvas: Abstract Perspective on the Philosophy of Nursing When many of us hear the term Ã¢â¬ËphilosophyÃ¢â¬â¢ we become baffled, for we have definitely heard the word beforeShow MoreRelatedPersonal Nursing Philosophy : My Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1475 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPersonal Philosophy of Nursing When one thinks of a nurse they often think of a caring, compassionate, knowledgeable individual. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t often think that every nurse comes from different situation, past experiences, and life changing events that make nurses who he or she is. Everyone on this earth is unique and has something to contribute. The same goes for patients. Each patient has a different background and have different interests which make them who they are. In order to give the optimalRead MorePersonal Nursing Philosophy : My Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1190 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPersonal Philosophy of Nursing Megan A. Farrell Moberly Area Community College Introduction I, Megan Farrell, am currently a Licensed Practical Nurse at a treatment center that works with prisoners. I accepted a clinical positon here as a graduate, but plan to work in a hospital setting once I have become a Registered Nurse working in the Intensive Care Unit. I quickly worked my way up the latter from the clinic nurse to the Chronic Care nurse and I am quite passionate about furtherRead MoreMy Nursing Philosophy : My Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1093 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPhilosophy is a distinct disciple on its own right, and all disciplines can claim their own philosophical bases that form guidelines for their goalÃ¢â¬ (Meleis, 2012, p. 28). In simpler terms, philosophy is your worldview and thought process of life. Our philosophy transcends into our beliefs and valuesÃ¢â¬â¢, examining our philosophy allows us to discover what is important to us and helps define priorities and goals (Meleis, 2012, p.28). Being aware of our philosophy creates individuality in each personRead MoreNursing Philosophy : My Personal Philosophy Of Nursing932 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy Philosophy of Nursing My personal philosophy of nursing began at an early age watching my mother volunteer for 25 years on the local rescue squad, following in the footsteps of her mother. I learned that helping others in a time of need should always be a priority. Respect and dignity should always be shown to people, no matter the who they are or where they are from. I have and will continue to show compassion for others while administering professional holistic care, guided by the AmericanRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMy Personal Nursing Philosophy A nursing philosophy is concepts or values that a nurse embraces within his/her practice and allows these concepts and values to shape the way he/she practices nursing and drives the purpose of their nursing care. It is important for each nurse to develop his/her philosophy of nursing to be a purpose driven nurse. Each nurse will have his/her own nurse philosophy because each believes differently. Nursing philosophies might come from different understandings butRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1053 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis aforementioned are the podium upon which the value and philosophies of the success of each profession is based. These philosophies and values do not operate in a vacuum. They influence the way which professionals carry out their day to day activities for maximum success. Consequently, Nursing and Nurses are not immune to the great influence of values and philosophies, be it at personal or corporate levels. This is because, nursing as a profession d eals with the constant interaction with patients;Read MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy Personal Philosophy of Nursing My inspiration to pursue a career in Nursing began at a young age, after reading the biography of Florence Nightingale. I was in middle school, and intrigued at her courage, and dedication to care for the sick. As I entered college, and into a formal nursing education program, I still viewed nursing as, the care provided to another in need. Without my knowing, I was developing a philosophy of nursing for myself. As the years passed, I began to realize that nursingRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfamous philosophies and a personal nursing philosophy is presented, including the personal definitions of the four phenomena of nursing namely person, environment, health, and nursing. The said philosophy will then be compared to other professionally-acclaimed philosophies. Included in the discussion is the importance of a nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s role in providing health care to persons, family, and the society and how it is able to address problems in the face of cultural and spiritual differences. Personal PhilosophyRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1081 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRunning head: PERSONAL PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING 1 PERSONAL PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING 6 Personal Philosophy of Nursing Caroline Thiongo BSN V Millers College of Nursing Abstract This paper explores my personal nursing philosophy that I will convey in my career of nursing. It is my belief that nursing is a commitment to public service and a desire to help those in need. Nursing is a discipline of knowledge acquired both through formal education and through life experiences. The sum of these parts continuesRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Nursing1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMy Personal Philosophy of Nursing The purpose of this essay is to depict the personal philosophy of nursing and any future aspirations I have acquired in my first semester of nursing school. Before I can create my own philosophy of nursing, I must first understand and define what philosophy is and how it relates to nursing. According toÃ the Oxford Dictionary, philosophy is Ã¢â¬Å"the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic disciplineÃ¢â¬
Posted by g at 4:21 AM
Friday, December 27, 2019
Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2450 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? Most of the scholars agree that the field of management must be viewed in a broad perspective because of the environmental influence on management practices. The cross-cultural study of management involves the study of management cultural variables, which tend to have an impact on management practices in different cultures. Managing and organizing are culturally dependent because they do not consist of making or moving tangible objectives, but of manipulating symbols which have meaning to the people who are managed (Clark, 1998). DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "OUTLINE OF ORGANIZATION CULTURE CHANGE IN A CROSS-CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT" essay for you Create order Studies in the area of corporate culture seem to indicate that the success of many organizations is related to having a strong culture within the organization. Such a culture provides a foundation for the policies and practices of that particular organization. William Ouchi identifies the following as the features of Z type (a hybrid between American and Japanese type of organizations) of organizations: A place for criticism and honesty Trust, friendship and working together Teamwork Management by walking around Valuing people as resources (Ouchi, 1982). McKinsey presented a framework based on the idea that any management strategy, in order to be successfully implemented, must fit the culture of the organization. The seven variables listed in the framework are: Strategy Structure Systems Style Staff Shared values Skills (Waterman, 1982). The 7-s framework views corporate culture as a function of Seven Variables. If a Strategy of an orga nization fails or run into a problem, it is because the strategy doesnt fit one or more of the seven variables. All the above-mentioned variables are interrelated to each other. While the staff variable refers to people in the organization, skills refer to their capabilities. The style variable is the way management acts and behaves. Shared values are the beliefs commonly shared by many people in the organization. While the structure provides authority-responsibility relationship, systems indicate the processes, procedures, and flows involved in getting things done. The strategy relates to the way to shape the corporate culture. A better understanding of the mechanics and dynamics of an organization can be achieved through the culture that prevails in an organization. The term culture has been borrowed from anthropology where there is no consensus on its meaning. Just as societies have their own culture, corporations as entities also have their own culture. Culture is the collect ion of common views, expectations and beliefs of the members of the organizations. The values, beliefs and norms usually involve the following aspects: The basic goals of organization The preferred means by which those goals should be attained The role responsibilities assigned to each member in the organization The behavior patterns required to perform roles A set of rules or principles which relates to the preserving of organizational identity as well as integrity These values and norms which constitute corporate culture are not in writing but are understood by all the members of the organization. Even the newcomers to the organization get to know them either through formal training programs and orientations or from their peers. When members of an organization share the same values, they will become more cohesive and committed to their goals. Such commitment is essential for better performance and productivity improvement. Although it is not visible, corporate cu lture still exists and influences people and activities in organizations. Deal and Kennedy, in addition to values and norms, include heroes, rites and rituals as part of corporate culture (Deal and Kennedy, 1982). The rites, rituals and heroes are some ways of reinforcing desired behaviors and expectations among the members of an organization. Donnelly goes one step further by including ethics, life styles and to a great extent the personality of the chief executive as the elements which foster corporate culture (Donnelly, 1984). The Corporate culture can be summed up as a way of doing things in an organization, which is developed and fostered over a period of time through various socialization processes, some of which are formal processes while others are informal. Changing Corporate Culture Even in the most stable environments, change is a constant, no matter how slight. Change is any alteration of the organizations current situation. Creativity, the process by which n ovel ideas are generated or innovation, the transformation of creative ideas are all different forms of change. In this report, we will discuss change from the perspective of corporate culture One of the major questions raised in the area of corporate culture is: Is it possible to change corporate culture in an organization? People have conflicting views about it. Some contend that the culture in an organization is strongly imbedded and therefore it may be impossible to change. At the most, only a few modifications can be made as long as they dont affect the core of the existing culture. They may illustrate their point by citing some cases where the new Chief Executive failed to change the culture when he and his teammates took over the corporation and wanted to revamp it. On the other hand, there are those who believe that culture within a corporation can be changed. The organizations, which made a turnaround in their business, are cited as examples. For instance, an American electronics company was loosing money. The Japanese took over, introduced new values and new ways of doing things and the company made a turnaround in three years. According to Schwartz and Davis (1981) the successful implementation of major strategic shifts in any company depends to a great extent on how the organization combines its culture with changes in organizational structure, its systems and people to produce desired behavior. Changing corporate culture is a serious issue. A great deal of care and a well thought out plan must be utilized in this process. Ill founded assumptions, carelessness, and taking things for granted in changing corporate culture may have disastrous consequences on the organization, ranging from subtle protests to open revolt. Through such cultural changes, organizations lose their best people to competitors, productivity declines, and a poor image will be created for the organization. Thus, the whole survival of the organization maybe threatened by rushing to change corporate culture. Short and Ferratt (1984) suggest that in changing corporate culture, the focus should be on work units. Instead of trying to change values and beliefs first with the assumptions that work unit behaviors would follow, work unit, culture must be changed first. The behaviors, which establish and maintain the culture of work units, are: job enrichment, employee involvement, targeting behavior, reinforcing behavior, attending to production and attending to interpersonal relations. Managing Corporate Culture is not simple. It requires constant assessments and monitoring by examining the external and internal environment. Such examination would reveal the nature of changes that are anticipated or are taking place in these environments. These changes may force the organization to adapt or modify their corporate culture according to the demands of the environment. A relaxed attitude on the part of the managers who believe they have a strong culture built over the years to enable them to cope with any kind of situation is risky. Uttal asserts that a static culture means a continuation of old, inefficient ways (Uttal, 1982). Multicultural Organizations Every company has its own individuality in the market; this individuality or the isolated quality can be taken as its competitive advantage. Competitive advantage of the company is something on what company is far ahead from it competitors. The company, having a diverse workforce, is bound to have its impact on the effectiveness of the organization as well as on the career growth of an individual. One of the most important advantages of having a multicultural or diverse workforce is to attract the best available talent towards the organization. Such organization, which does not show any prejudice in recruiting, retaining and promoting the employees from diverse cultural and racial backgrounds easily gain competitive advantage and become able to sustain highest caliber of human resources (Adler, 1991). Different studies have proved that organizations having diverse workforce and multicultural environment usually display better problem solving ability (Adler, 1991). Due to their multicultural workforce such organizations are more capable to understand the problem with different perspectives, meanings and interpretations and hence have more capability to solve problems. Organizations need continuity, which can be achieved only through some change of adaptability and self-renewal. Multicultural organizations are designed specifically to find, accept, and use new ideas and so they are more able to adapt change and show more organizational flexibility. Different studies depicted that women possess higher tolerance for ambiguity than men (Rotter OConnell, 1982), similarly bilingual people possess more cognitive flexibility than monolingual (Lambert, 1977). Thus diverse workforce is an asset for the organizations while adapting change. It can eas ily be summed up that having a diverse workforce and its proper management provides a number of advantages to the organizations. Manage diversity well are more likely to gain competitive advantages, attain increased productivity from available human resources, and reduce the inter-group conflict cost (Triandis, Kurowski, and Gelfand, 1994, p. 775). But at the same time, too much diversity in the workforce may also cause ambiguity and confusion. Multicultural organizations sometimes find it difficult to reach to a single, unanimous decision because of the diversity in its workforce (Gannon, 2004). Due to the presence of people from different cultural backgrounds, there is a chance of cultural clashes between the people of different cultures. There is also a chance that majority group members may create obstacles for minority group member to take full participation. If such clashes cannot be handled and managed by the leaders then the organization may suffer ineffectiveness, les s productivity and absenteeism of the employees (Adler, 1991). If there is communication gap between a culturally diverse team then there is a chance that a homogenous group may outperform this culturally diverse group. Multicultural organizations require extensive trainings to overcome the communication barrier otherwise it will not perform up to their potential (House and Javidan, 2004). Managing Corporate Culture in Multicultural Organizations Globalization is the process of expanding global preferences in cultural, environmental, political, social and economical issues. The key economic characteristic of globalization is the free movement of goods throughout the world (Schaeffer, 2003). Diversity and Globalization in the new economy and the present business situation has produced a work force made up of people all around the world. They have different life experiences, perspectives, preferences, values and style. This diversity of work force is reshaping and rewriting the way of doing business (Dorfman, Hanges and Brodbeck, 2004). According to the Statistics the people filling jobs in the 2000s had a different racial and gender makeup than past employees. Native white males made up 47% of employees in 1989 but will constitute only 15% of new entrants. In the year 2000 Hispanic accounted for almost 28 percent of labor force growth and blacks about 17 percent. White women provided about 42 percent of labor force growth . Statistics have further depicted that by the year 2012 almost one-fifth of the total US workforce will be of 55 years or older (US Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1998). Hamilton has said that, The great challenge facing the nation is to prepare a changing population to do new kinds of work. Failure imperils economic health, social progress, and democracy itself. (Hamilton, 1990; p.1). This trend of workforce diversity compelled leaders of multi-cultural organizations to adapt the changes with special recruiting programs targeted towards these groups and organizational changes to accommodate their needs. Day-care centers, special benefit packages and language training have all become the part of the inducements to employees (Grisham and Walker, 2005). In the present decade, the environment for organizations has changed radically (Olsen JinLin, 1997). In the past, leaders usually emphasized on the internal affairs of the management but the changing environment requires them to e mphasize more on externally oriented affairs. Many scholars are of the opinion that diversity in organizations is a source of strength if used properly otherwise it creates ethnic and cultural differences, conflicts etc. (Christensen Hughes, 1992). A study was conducted on transformational leadership in organizations, which depicted that leaders in organizations, who have a clear objective, strong sense of values and cultural differences and shown deep inclination towards high standards of ethics, are considered as models for others to follow (Tracy Hinkin, 1994). The following are some of the important points; an organizational leader has to consider while working in present global environment: Changing Occupational Profile: at present organizations try to provide more services to customers for the guaranteed customers satisfaction. This requires more knowledgeable and social employees. Major organizations also introduce some new posts like quality manager, yield manager , computer and technical service manager, management accounting expert and budget analyst to provide the wide range of services to the customers (Turner and Mueller, 2005) Developing Language Skills: in order to provide best services to culturally diverse clientele, major organizations provide different languages and culture training to their staff Increased staff responsibility and job satisfaction: it is hard to get and retain a good and trained employee in present business scenario. Many organizations impose more responsibilities to their good employees in order to enhance their job satisfaction Proper Motivation: In order to retain good employees it is necessary to motivate them. Motivation is either Financial or non-financial Financial: wages, salaries, fringe benefits etc. are financial incentives. Many believe that these incentives help to attract the more desirable and qualified type of employee, decrease turnover, and maintain morale and performance. Non-fina ncial: these are known as personal incentives because they offer an opportunity to develop personal initiative and achievement. A number of research studies have proved the impact of these incentives on performance. Opportunity for advancement, challenge, the type of work, responsibility, good supervision, good working conditions, and recreational programs are some examples of non-financial incentives. Conclusion Changing and managing corporate culture is one of the major problems of managers and executives at all levels at the present era of cultural diversity. Leadership is the capacity to guide, direct, and influence the behavior of others, imaginative, toward given ends. The trait theory holds that leadership is inherent in the psychological makeup of individuals. The situational pattern views leadership as contingent on the needs and resources of a given situation. In a synthesis of these two patterns, we concluded that both have contributed ideas of value, that neither a pproach alone is satisfactory. The supervisor is traditionally viewed as the man in the middle; but although this is often a fair portrayal of his role, in reality his beliefs are closer to those of other managers than to those of non-managerial employees. Managing and changing corporate culture in a multicultural environment is far more challenging than managing people in a uni-cultural environment. The leaders of cross cultural organizations have to use all the above-mentioned qualities as well as some extra qualities like emotional intelligence and understanding of different languages, values and cultures to manage and satisfy their followers more effectively.
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Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Love is the number one reason for marriage, even having ValentineÃ¢â¬â¢s Day to celebrate love. Yet Americans for Divorce Reform (ADR) estimate that, Ã¢â¬Å"Probably, 40 or possibly even 50 percent of marriages will end in divorce if current trends continue (Colleen). The ADR also shows the divorce rates between Christians and non-Christians are indistinguishable. Even worse, Christians divorcing their spouses are distorting the Bible in order to justify their actions. Christians must be called to a higher standard in regards to divorce, and they must stop twisting the Bible to appease their conscience. In order to fully understand divorce, we need to look into marriage, understanding the connection between two people. Biblically, marriage isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Bible stresses this connection numerous times, clearly showing a spiritual connection between partners. Since the Bible emphasizes marriage, it is logical that divorce would also be clearly laid out. Dur ing the second giving of the law, Moses permits divorce if the man finds her indecent and writes her a certificate of divorce (Deu. 24:1-4). Although the Old Testament was more lenient on divorce, God specifically sets down stronger rules on the legality of divorce. Jesus, overriding MosesÃ¢â¬â¢ earlier laws on divorce, says the only reason a man should divorce his wife is for marital unfaithfulness, again reemphasizing the importance of marriage; divorce remains wrong for all other circumstance. Since God stresses marriage and strongly forbids divorce, there should be a clear difference between the divorce rates of Christians and non-Christians. Although clear biblical evidence for divorce exists in specific cases, Christians have perverted those verses to allow more divorce, buying into our secular world, which promotes emotional love and the importance of the individual within a marriage. The American Divorce Reform found that Christians experience equal divorce rates as t he general public. How can ChristiansÃ¢â¬âwho are supposed to be called to a higher standardÃ¢â¬âcommit such atrocities against the sacred union of marriage? Love based on emotion is different than true love the Bible teaches. Emotional love is the attraction between people, the fuzzyShow MoreRelatedEffects Of Divorce On Children1068 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDivorce is a great phenomenon in todays society, it is a painful and an unforgettable experience in a persons life, especially for a child. When parents get divorced its hardest on the children because they go from having two inseparable people who had marriage commitments to fulfil, to witnessing the love lost between these two people. The concern here is, is there a psychological impact of parental divorce on children? Many parents dont realize that divorce affects their child much more thanRead MoreThe Anti Christian Movement : Is The Kingdom Of God?1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmarry young, more Americans are cohabitating before marriage, unmarried with children, not all marriages are created equal, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s true that the divorce rate is at fifty percent, but it does not mean what you might thinkÃ¢â¬ ¦ The five facts above are from the campaign that celebrates National Marriage Week to strengthen individual marriages, reduce the divorce rate, and build a stronger marriage culture. What can we, as a Christian, say about them? Is it just culture that surrounds us and it does notRead MoreSingle Parent Households Is A Sensitive Topic Essay2506 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pageshas affected the way my family is seen by others, how we speak to one another, and has had a large impact on my education. It has also given me a bigger stressor than simply living and growing in a single parent household with my mom; it gave me separation anxiety because of how we ended up in this situation. This topic is very close to me, and that may lead to a slight bias in the way that I speak about a single parent household. While the book I chose, Ã¢â¬Å"Growing Up with a Single Parent: What HelpsRead MoreThe Role of Women in Orthodox Judaism. Essay2196 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages but does not condemn her if she choose s to remain single,Ã¢â¬ (Kaufman 12). Halachah recognizes a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s right to remain single, however the Hebrew word Ã¢â¬Å"ishahÃ¢â¬ means both Ã¢â¬Å"wifeÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"womenÃ¢â¬ , gesturing the fact that a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s identity is almost inseparable from her status as a married women. It is inconceivable that women might willingly live single and apart from a family structure (Golinkin). According to Halachah, Orthodox women were given three basic laws to keep. First, they are responsible forRead MoreCpc Project4885 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesLIMITATIONS: The scope of this discussion is the execution decree of restitution of conjugal rights and detailed arguments relating to constitutional validity of restitution as a relief given in Hindu Marriage Act, along with its implications on divorce proceedings have not been examined since they are clearly out of the scope of a project for examining Civil Procedure. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: 1.In a civil suit for restitution of conjugal rights whether imprisonment is valid? 2.In a civil suit for restitutionRead MoreImportance of Mother3443 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesmore American parents were with their kids more of the time. That is to say, it would be better if more mothers with a genuine choice in the matter did stay home and/or work part-time rather than full-time and if more parents entertaining separation or divorce did stay together for the sake of the kids.Ã¢â¬ Mary Eberstadt, Home-Alone America, pp. 47-48, 172. Ã¢â¬Å"A baby must have a mother, a mother who is mature enough to attend to its needs and provide so-called object constancy for a minimum of threeRead MoreMarriage12231 Words Ã |Ã 49 Pagesfamily is built. Basically marriage is a social and legal contract. People marry great number of reasons- personal or social. Usually they have a certain preconceived notions about the kind of person they would like to marry. The large percentage of separation each year, non-marital pregnancies and premarital cohabitation have all dramatically changed the traditional family structure (Amato et.al, 2003). Millions of children are no longer being raised in nuclear families. The institution of marriage,Read MoreAn Illustration of State-Society Relations in Turkey Essay examples4296 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesMustafa Kemal founded the Turkish Republic in 1923: a centralised secular nation-state. He built upon the secular institutions of the Tanzimat period and did away with the Islamic ones to foster modernisation (to which secularisation was seen as inseparable). From a process, secularisation turned into a project; one that would be implemented from above (Yilmaz, 2002:114). So secularism was adopted as one of the founding principles of the Turkish Republic. In this regard, it needs to be understoodRead MoreImpact of Culture on the Spread of Hiv/Aids in Kenya5438 Words Ã |Ã 22 Pagesother systems of social relations to modify our environment. But that has not been possible with women in Kenyan in both rural and urban areas even in the event of a HIV/AIDS epidemic with no cure in sight. Since our beliefs and ways of life are inseparable from our particular cultures, it is common for people to reject a behavior if it is not signified in their cultureÃ¢â¬â¢s social code. It is however much harder for the marginalized groups like women and girls to reject what is supposedly part of theirRead MoreTheology of the Body32011 Words Ã |Ã 129 Pagesknowledge at the beginning of generationÃ¢â¬ and thereby participates in GodÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of man from the beginning as very good. I. ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s answer about marriage in integral vision of man 1) Our generation continues to query Christ about marriage and divorce, but ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s original answer, pointing to the beginning, is still fundamental. Christ continues to refer us to the beginning. 2) We discover manÃ¢â¬â¢s true identity from the beginning in the mystery of creation in Christ within the mystery of redemption
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